102. And You Shall Take You the Fruit of Goodly Trees
In the verse, “And ye shall take you… the fruit of citrus trees,” meaning a righteous, called a “tree bearing fruit,” this is the whole difference between Kedusha (Sanctity) and the Sitra Achra (other side), that “another God is sterile and does not bear fruit.” However, a righteous is called Hadar (citrus) because he bears fruit, he Dar (lives) in his tree from year to year. This is why it is written about Josef, “he was the one who Mashbir (sold) to all the people of the land,” for he Shover (brakes) them with the fruits that he had, and the fruits that they did not have. Thus, everyone felt his state, whether he was from the good side or to the contrary.
And this is the meaning of “And Joseph sustained… with bread, according to the want of their little ones.” The “little ones” are considered Gar, as in “and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes,” which is the Tefillin of the head. For this reason Josef, the son of his old age is called “a wise son.” This is the meaning of “did send me before you to preserve life,” which is the “Light of Haya,” considered Gar.
This is the meaning of the verse, “I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.” (His sons took two parts. And according to Rashi, “portion” means smooth). That is, through his sons, as sons are called “fruits.” And he gave this to Josef.
This is the meaning of what is written about Saul, “from his shoulders up he was higher than any of the people.” And this is the meaning of “Thou hast a mantle, be thou our ruler.” And this is the meaning of “The little ones, why do they come? To give reward to those who bring them.” He asked, “Why do they need wisdom if the important thing is not the study but the act?” And he replied, “to give reward to those who bring them,” since wisdom yields action.
On the matter of the dispute between Saul and David, there was no flaw in Saul. This is why he was one year old when he reigned, and did not need to prolong the kingship, since he had completed everything in a short time. David, however, needed to rule forty years. David was the son of Judah, the son of Leah, the hidden world. And Saul was of Benjamin, the son of Rachel, the revealed world, and hence opposite from David. For this reason David said, “I am all peace,” meaning I attain everyone and I love everyone, “but when I speak, they are for war.”
And Avishalom was the opposite of David. This is the meaning of the sin of Jeroboam the son of Nebat: the Creator held onto his clothes and said unto him: “You and Me and the son of Yishai (Jesse) will walk in the garden of Eden.” And he asked, “Who is leading?” And the Creator told him: “the son of Yishai is leading.” Then he replied, “Don’t want.”
The thing is that the order of degrees is that the hidden world comes first, and then the revealed world. This is the meaning of “I have enough,” “I have everything.” “Enough” is Gar, and “everything” is Vak. This is also the meaning of “how shall Jacob stand? for he is small?” And this is the meaning of Josef taking the seniority from him. Afterwards, he was given everything, since he had Gar, too, which came to him through Josef, by way of “And Joseph sustained.”
This is the meaning of “Leah was hated,” from whom all hatreds and disputes among wise disciples extend. This is also the meaning of the dispute between Shamai and Hillel, and for the future, when the two camps unite, the camp of Josef and the camp of Judah. This is the meaning of what Judah said onto Josef: “Oh my lord,” as then was the unification of Judah and Josef. But Judah must be in the lead.
This explains the Holy Ari being Messiah Son of Josef. This is why he could reveal such wisdom, since he had permission from the revealed world. And this dispute extends from “And the children struggled together within her,” that Esau had the good clothes that were with Rebecca.