139. The Difference between the Six Days of Action and the Shabbat
The six days of action are considered ZA, and Shabbat is considered Malchut. And he asked, but ZA is a higher degree than Malchut, so why is Shabbat more important than the weekdays? And moreover, why are they called Yemey Hol (weekdays)?
The thing is that the world is nourished only through Malchut. This is why Malchut is called “the assembly of Israel,” since all the good influence to the whole of Israel comes from there. Therefore, although the six days imply ZA, there is no unification between ZA and Malchut. This is why it is called Hol, since no abundance extends from ZA to Malchut.
And when no Kedusha (Sanctity) extends from Malchut, it is therefore called Yemey Hol. However, on Shabbat there is a unification of ZA and Malchut, and then Kedusha extends from Malchut. This is why it is called “Shabbat.”
Yemey – days; Hol comes from the word Hulin – secular, not holy.