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Israel – Yashar El

By the Sulam commentary on the Zohar
(Lech Lecha, Pg 68, items 183-185)

183) Come and see: when Israelwas in the holy land, every thing was properly erected. The Kisse (throne), which is the Nukva, was complete over them, meaning that there was a full Kisse for the upper Israel and they were working the work of God, meaning they raised MAN and split the Avirim of the world, and the work ascended to its place above in ZON, and caused them to mate. For the land is corrected for work but for Israelalone. Therefore, the other nations stayed away from the land, and did not govern it, as they do now, for they were feeding but on the extract, meaning the bounty that Israel extracted through their work, that completed the nations of the world as well. But the majority of the bounty went to Israel, and the nations received only an extract of the bounty. Therefore, the government was for Israel.

Explanation: When a person yearns for the Creator he is then called “Israel,” from the words Yashar El (Straight to God). At that time, his desires and attributes are in the Eretz Kdosha (Holy Land). The word Eretz (land) comes from the word Ratzon (desire, yearning) and the word Kedusha (holiness) comes from the word Mukdash (dedicated). Thus, Eretz Kdosha is a desire that is dedicated for the Creator alone.

And what is Eretz Israel (the Land of Israel)? When a person yearns for connection with the Creator, and for that alone, he is in the Land of Israel in his emotions, and then everything is corrected in its right place. Light is extended from above, and unlimited bounty that fills every desire, every soul and every creature. The entire creation is then in a state of wholeness and complete rest, because Israel have risen all their desires to the Creator, i.e. their desires to work for him, and the Creator responded by granting their wishes.

The land of Israel can be corrected and bear fruit only when the people of Israel dwell in it and no other nation. In this situation, the rest of the nations stay away from the desire and the ability to govern it. The reason for that is that the rest of the nations cannot live off its fruit, i.e. the abundance that comes from above as a result of Israel’s work for the Creator. The light, the bounty, extends to the rest of the nations of the world as well, but it is extended primarily on Israel, and because of that, the people of Israel govern the Land of Israel.

184) And if you say: but we see how the kings of the nations ruled even when the temple was erect in the world. Come and see: in the first temple, before Israel defiled the land, the nations of the world did not govern so, but were fed on the extract, and from this extract was their dominion then. And therefore, their dominion was not so strong, because Israel sinned and defiled the land, then they seemingly rejected divinity from its place, and brought it closer to another place, and then the rest of the nations ruled, because they were given the permission to rule.

Explanation: If another force had governed Israel, the force of the nations of the world, their dominion would have been only partial, and that force would only receive the extract of the spiritual bounty that comes from above. It would govern only according to the amount of light that it received. For this reason, the nations of the world would not have a strong government in the land of Israel. But afterwards, when Israel sinned and defiled the Land of Israel, i.e. the direct desire for the Creator, at that time they drove divinity - the presence of the Creator - away, and other nations came as a result. The removal of the light, meaning the inspiration of the Creator, from the Land of Israel enabled them to govern the Land of Israel.

185) Come and see: The Land of Israel, not another appointee rules it but the Lord alone. And when Israel sinned and was burning incense for other gods inside the land, divinity was seemingly rejected from its place, because they were pulling and burning incense for other gods, to bond with divinity, and then they were given the dominion. The incense makes the connection bond, and thus they sucked from divinity and were given the dominion from it, and then the rest of the nations ruled, and the prophets were canceled. And all these upper degrees did not rule the land.

Explanation: In the Land of Israel, i.e. in the desire for the Creator, the Creator alone can rule. But when Israel sins and burns incense to other gods, meaning raise other desires above the desire for the Creator, when they do not believe in the uniqueness of the Creator and think that there are other forces that rule the world, then the sensation of the Creator – divinity – drifts away from them, and other forces govern in its place, meaning forces that receive their power from the Creator.

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