97. Waste of Barn and Winery
Goren (barn) means diminution of good deeds, when a person feels primarily Gronot (Hebrew: throats; sounds like Ger’onot – deficiencies) with the Creator. Hence, he lessens the good deeds. And afterwards he comes to a state of Yekev (winery), which is the meaning of “And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord.”
Sukkot is considered gladness, considered “rejoicing Gevurot,” which is repentance out of love, when sins become as merits for him, and even the barn and winery are admitted into Kedusha (Sanctity). This is the meaning of Sukkot’s primary discernment being Isaac, but that everyone is included in him (and Passover is considered love, which is right). This is the meaning of “Abraham begot Isaac.”
This is because the father and son issue is cause and consequence, reason and result. Had there not been a discernment of Abraham first, which is the right, there could not have been the discernment of Isaac, which is the left. Rather, the left is integrated in the right, as in, “For Thou art our Father.”
Abraham said, “will be destroyed over the Sanctity of Your Name.” And Jacob also said that it means that the sins will be destroyed over the Sanctity of Your Name. And if it remains so, then there is a breach in the middle. In other words, the sins that were in the whole of Israel are like a breach in the Kedusha (Sanctity).
Isaac, however, said, “half over me and half over you,” meaning the part of the sins and the part of the Mitzvot, that is, that both will enter Kedusha. And this can be through repentance out of love, when sins become as merits to him. In that state there is a breach, as it is written, “with no breach and no… outcry,” but all is corrected for Kedusha.
This is the meaning of our sages’ words: “Greater are the dung and mules of Isaac than Abimelech’s money and gold.” Dung is something inferior, worthless, meaning that they consider the servitude of him as dung. And afterwards arrives a state of separation. Because he does not appreciate his work, he falls into separation. And this is called “the dung and mules of Isaac.” And since Isaac corrected everything in the form of repentance out of love, and his sins became as merits, the profits that had come to him through his dung and mules are greater than “Abimelech’s money and gold.”
His Kesef (money) means Kisufim (longing) to the Creator; and Zahav (gold) means Ze Hav (give this), concerning the craving for the Torah, meaning to achieve the Torah. And since Isaac corrected everything, meaning achieved repentance out of love, the sins, too, were considered merits for him. And then he is very rich in any case, since in keeping Mitzvot there is not more than 613 Mitzvot, but sins and transgressions are endless. Hence, Isaac became rich, as it is written, “and he have found a hundred gates.” This means that he had one hundred percent in Kedusha, without any waste, since the waste, too, was corrected in him.
This is why the thatch of the Sukkah is made of waste of barn and winery. (And you can say what our sages said, that Moses became rich from waste). Hence, Sukkot is named primarily after Isaac, who is the rejoicing Gevurot, and Sukkot is named after Moses, too.