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GLOSSARY

 

kabbalah The complete Kabbalah Glossary kabbalah

Abbreviations

abbrev.   -    abbreviation.
aram.     -    Aramaic.
heb.      -    Hebrew.
lit.      -    literally, translation from Hebrew or Aramaic.
pl.       -    plural.
sing.     -    singular.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

11 spices of the incense Nitzotzim of light, which remain to revive the Lev haEven. 1st Histaklut (lit. staring) The spreading of the light from the Einsof to the screen. Light which comes from the Einsof is always light of Chochma (or Orh of Eyeneim, or Re'iya, or Histaklut). 1st Hitpashtut (lit. 1st spreading) Lights of Taamim. See also Hitpashtut. 1st Ibur (lit. 1st pregnancy)
Zivug for the actual existence of the Partzuf.
1st Tzimtzum (lit. 1st restriction) A restriction on Malchut, on the 4th phase, because of which the line of the Einsof ceases on Malchut of NEH"Y. 2nd Histaklut (lit. 2nd restriction) The spreading of the light of the Einsof to the screen, which ascends from the Tabur to the Peh, and on its way of Hizdakchut makes Zivugim and gaves birth to the Partzufim of Nekudot. 2nd Hitpashtut (lit. 2nd spreading) The second entry of the lights, after the refinement of the screen, when the Kelim are already in existence, according to the rule: "The spreading of the light and its departure make a Kli fitting for its purpose". 2nd Ibur (lit. 2nd pregnancy) Zivug for the addition of the light of Chochma to the Partzuf. 2nd Tzimtzum (lit. 2nd restriction) The restriction of NEH"Y of A"K; A restriction on the 2nd phase. Therefore the line of the Einsof ceases at Binah of NEH"Y of A"K, and from them the place of the worlds of BIY"A is made. The 2nd restriction is the participation of the measure of Rachamim - Binah, in the measure of Din - Malchut.

22

See Kaf Bet.

27

See Kaf Zayin.
30 levels in the Guf of Nukvah The 3 garments in the Guf of Nukvah, which are Ibur, Yenika and Mochin, are found in the Achor of Nukvah, and each includes 10 Sefirot within. 32 Elokim (lit. 32 gods) of the Deed of Genesis (heb. Ma'aseh Bereshit) 32 Netivot of Chochma, coming from Binah which is called Elokim, and selecting from the 320 sparks only 288, which are also called the first 9, thus leaving Malchut below as Psolet. 4 Tzurot (lit. forms, pl. of Tzura) The Aviut or the desire which is in the created being is called his material of the created being. The 4 aspects of the Aviut are called the 4 forms. 4 Yesodot (lit. elements) The 4 phases that are in the Aviut of Malchut.

 

A

A"B

AB"A (abbrev. Achor Be Achor, Ach Be Ach, lit. back to back) A correction made by means of the light of Binah, that is, the Chafetz Chesed. When there is a lack of the light of Chochma in the Kli, the Kli receives a correction by means of the light of Binah, that provides it with completeness. Abba (lit. father)

ABIY"A of Klipot (abbrev. Atzilut - Briah - Yetzirah - Asiya)

Parallel to ABIY"A of Kedusha, only located opposite to ZO"N of Atzilut and below. The Klipot are found below the Kedusha, in the place of Chalal Panui, below the sium of the line, below the Malchut which concludes all of the Kedusha. After the 1st restriction their place is found below raglaim of A"K. In the 2nd restriction when the concluding Malchut ascended to Binah, which is in the Guf of Nekudot of SA"G, there spread the Parsa, which concludes the Kedusha. Below the Parsa was made a place of Chalal Panui for the Olamot of BIY"A. Since this place is empty of Kedusha - the Klipa has taken all of this place. The shattering occurred because the light of Chochma reached from the Rosh of SA"G and wanted to extend below the Parsa until the end of Galgalta in all of the ten Sefirot, as was before the 2nd restriction. This happened because G"E joined with the ACHA"P both in the Rosh and in the Guf of the Partzuf of Nikudim.
However, before the light passed over to the place of the Chalal Panui, Kelim were smashed and died, because the Parsa was not abolished. The light departed and rose above, and the Kelim fell below the Parsa and became mixed with the Klipot that were found in the place of BIY"A. Below the Parsa fell only the Kelim of ACHA"P of the Guf of Nikudim, and not the ACHA"P of the Rosh. Therefore the Klipot begin only from ZO"N of Atzilut and below.
AB"P (abbrev. Achor Be Panim, lit. back to face) A correction to Nukvah: the Panim of Malchut is only Chochma. However it is not able to receive the light of Chochma, because the light of Chochma can only be received along with the light of Chassadim. Therefore Z"A fixes Nukvah by means of a Zivug Achor Be Panim, which bestows on the Panim of Nukvah the light of Chassadim from the Achoraim of Zeir Anpin. ACHA"P (abbrev. Ozen - Chotem - Peh)

Achiza (lit. hold)

Just as a branch wants to draw sustenance by means of its hold, so does the Klipa unite itself in the place of a lack (heb. Chisaron) within the Kedusha, because the lack is the Klipa's pipe, through which it draws strength and life, according to the measure of the lack within the Kedusha. Achor (pl.- Achoraim, lit. back or hind side) 1. A Kli in which the light of Chochma does not enclothe itself.
2. A Kli or a portion of a Kli which does not act to bestow or to receive.
3. The portion of the Kli below the Chazeh.
Achoraim of Nukvah (lit. backs of Nukvah) The Sefirot of NEH"Y of Nukvah conclude the Atzilut, and therefore are adjacent to the Klipot, as the Klipot begin from NEH"Y and below. The main hold of the Klipot is upon the Achoraim, as long as there is a lack of Chochma there. Achsadraim (lit. outer rooms) Outer rooms, NEH"Y of Zeir Anpin, which have an illumination of Chochma and want to reveal it. A revelation of the illumination of Chochma is called outer rooms. See also Idrin. Adam haRishon (lit. the first man)

Adam Kadmon (abbrev. A"K, lit. Early Man)

The first world which emerged after the 1st restriction and is receiving from the Einsof and extending from it up to Olam Hazeh. It is called Adam, since its Sefirot of Yosher together with its light of bestowal are the root of a man (heb. Adam) in this world. It is called Kadmon (lit. ancient, early) since the 1st Tzimtzum acts within it. Adjacent (heb. Samuch)

ADN"Y

Afterwards (heb. Achar Kach) Before is the cause, and afterwards is the effect which comes from it. See Before. Agol (lit. round) When there is no distinction both from above and from below between the 4 aspects of the desire to receive. Therefore the 4 aspects are called 4 round circles (heb. Igulim), one inside the other, which have no above and below between them. See also Yashar. Aivarim (lit. limbs) Sefirot of Guf. Aiyn (lit. nothing) The concealment of the light of Chochma. The existence of the light of Chochma is called Yesh.

Alef

1 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Alef) Alpayim Amah of the boundary of Shabat (2000 Amah - measure of length equal to about half a meter) The true place of the worlds is like the 2nd phase before the sin (of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil): Zeir Anpin is in the place of Arich Anpin, Malchut is in the place of AV"I, Briah is in the place of ISHSU"T, and Yetzirah is in the place of Zeir Anpin. The first 4 Sefirot of Asiya are in the place of Nukvah and are enclothed on the world of Yetzirah. The last 6 Sefirot of Asiya are in the place of the 6 Sefirot of the world of Briah. The first 6 Sefirot of the place of the world of Briah, from the Parsa until the Chazeh of the world of Briah, are called Ibur of Ir, and belong to the city, to Atzilut, because there remain the 6 lower Sefirot of Asiya at the time of the ascension. >From the Chazeh of Briah to the Sium, remains an empty space of 24 Sefirot, which is empty of the light. The 16 Sefirot from the Parsa to the Chazeh of Yetzirah, are called the boundary of Shabat (heb. Tchum Shabat) . Tchum Shabat is the 10 Sefirot from the Chazeh of Briah to the Chazeh of Yetzirah, which is 2000 Amah. The 14 Sefirot from the Chazeh of Yetzirah to the Sium are called Mador haKlipot. The city (heb. Ir) - the world of Atzilut. Parsa - the end of the city. Amida (lit. standing)

Ani (lit. I)

When Malchut is revealed it is called Ani, and when it is hidden, it is called Hu (lit. he). Arich Anpin (lit. long face) Partzuf with the essence of the light of Chochma. A slight illumination of Chochma is called Zeir Anpin. Aroch (lit. long) A bestowal of Chochma. Katzar (lit. short) - a restriction of Chochma. Rachav (lit. wide) - a bestowal of Chassadim. Tzar (lit. narrow) - a restriction of Chassadim.

Asiya

The 10 Sefirot of the stature of Malchut, which receives from Zeir Anpin. Atik (lit. ancient)

Attachment of the Klipot

The Klipot attach themselves to the Achoraim of Malchut, because Malchut makes a Sium to the Upper Light, so that from Malchut and below it is already a place of darkness. Therefore at the point of the Sium of Malchut there is an equivalence with the Klipot, and it is considered that the Klipot are attached there.
Atzilut
Atzmut (lit. essence) Light of Chochma, because it is the life-force and essence of the emanated being. Avir (lit. air) Light of Ruach, Light of Chassadim. AV"I (abbrev. Abba Ve Ima, lit. father and mother)

Avir Reikani (lit. empty air)

Light of Chassadim prior to when it enclothes Light of Chochma. Aviut (lit. coarseness) The magnitude of the desire to receive with a great longing, which is considered as a Kli for drawing in light, and is therefore called Pnimiut of the Kli. Avot (lit. fathers) The Sefirot of CHAGA"T with respect to the Sefirot of NEH"Y which are their sons.

Ayin

70 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Ayin).

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B

Bassar (lit. flesh) The 3rd aspect, which is called Zeir Anpin, in the 10 Sefirot, whose stature is equal from within to without: Mocha, Atzamot (lit. bones), Gidin, Bassar, Ohr (lit. skin, should not be confused with Orh, lit. light). Bayit (lit. house) or Heychal (lit. palace) That aspect of Malchut, which separated from the inner Kelim and was made into a Kli for the Orh Makif. Be'er (lit. spring) Yesod of Nukvah, from which the Orh Chozer ascends, as if from a spring. Before (heb. Terem) When speaking of the relationship of cause and effect between two emanated beings, the cause is called before and the effect is called afterwards. Beit HaMikdash (lit. The Temple) Briah of Olam Hazeh. (See also BIY"A of Olam Hazeh) Ben (lit. son) The lower one with respect to the upper one. Berur (lit. selection, clarification, classification; pl. Berurim) and Tikun (lit. correction) Berur is called the lowering of the 32 Nitzotzim, the 32 Malchuyiot in the aspect of Psolet. 288 remain for the building of Kedusha, which - when it is being fixed by means of the illumination of Abba, - is called the selection of lights.
However, without Malchut there is no level, and the inclusion of the First Hey and the Lower Hey together is received from the screen of Ima, and is called the participation of the measure of Din in the measure of Rachamim. From this inclusion the 32 new Malchuyiot are completed to 320 Nitzotzim. A Berur is possible only by means of the light of Abba, since it does not illuminate the 4th phase, and in this way the Psolet is clarified. The Tikun is made by means of the light of Ima.
Berur is to select the portions of the 4th aspect, which disturb the reception of the Upper Light.

Bet

2 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Bet) Beten (lit. stomach)
The lower third of Tiferet in each Partzuf. In Nukvah this is a place of pregnancy and birth. See also place of pregnancy.
Binah (lit. understanding) The contemplation of the ways of cause and effect. Binyamin Screen, which causes the Orh Chozer to ascend from the Yod of Zeir Anpin. Birth (heb. Leida)

BIY"A of Olam Hazeh (lit. BIY"A of this world)

The place of the Mikdash is Briah; Eretz Israel is Yetzirah; Outside of The Eretz Israel is Asiya; Churvah is the Klipot. Blood (heb. Dam) See also blood of birth. Blue (heb. Tchelet)

Bohu

It is called Arich Anpin, since in it there is a revealment of the apprehension. See Tohu. Bolet (lit. bulges) An illumination of Chochma. Boreh (lit. Creator) This name is applicable only to the innovation of the desire to receive, which came into existence from nothing to something.

Borrowing

The Kelim of NEH"Y of Ima, which Ima conveys to Zeir Anpin, which receives its light in them.

Briah

An innovation of something from nothing, which is revealed below the Parsa as Aviut and desire to receive. Brit (lit. covenant) The place of the screen and Aviut, where the Zivug is made with the Upper Light.

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C

Chafetz Chesed (lit. the desire for kindness)

CHAGA"T (abbrev. Chesed - Gevura - Tiferet)

Chai (lit. live)

Yesod; since it causes the 10 Sefirot of the Orh Chozer to ascend, and receives in them the 9 Sefirot of Orh Yashar. Chalal (lit. vacuum) The 4th phase, which is empty of light. As a result of the 1st restriction it has not become absent in the emanated being, but is there as a phase of an empty vacuum without light. Chalal Panui (lit. empty space or vacuum) By virtue of the 1st restriction Malchut brings the Upper Light to an end. This end is located above the point of Olam Hazeh. By means of the 2nd restriction, the place of the Tzimtzum ascended from the Sium of the Partzuf of Galgalta to the Chazeh of the Partzuf of Nikudim, and from there and below were made the Chalal Panui and the Place of the Klipot. However, as result of the falling of the Kelim of bestowal to the place of BIY"A, below the Chazeh, only 14 Sefirot remained for the Mador haKlipot. As a result of the sin of the Adam haRishon, the point of Sium of Kedusha descended to Binah of Malchut of the world of Asiya, which is called the ground of the Garden of Eden, and from there the place of Chalal Panui was made. It therefore follows that as a result of the shattering of the Kelim and the sin of the Adam HaRishon, the vacuum was reduced, because the place of the Parsa descended to Binah of Malchut of Asiya. However the Klipot acquired the strength to build 4 worlds. Chalav (lit. milk) Lights of Chassadim, which Binah gives to Zeir Anpin after its birth, and in it they once again return to be Chochma, and this is called Chalav turns into Dam. Chalon (lit. window) The power of Orh Chozer, which opens the reception of light in the Kli. Chama beNartik (lit. the sun in its sheath) NEH"Y of Zeir Anpin, which are dressed in Nukvah.
Chassadim

Chaya (lit. life, alive)

Light of Chochma. (See Orh Chochma.) Chaya Light which is dressed in the Sefirah of Chochma. Chayut (lit. vitality)

Chazeh (lit. chest)

The Sium of 2nd restriction. Therefore the 2nd restriction does not reach what is above the Chazeh in the Kelim of the Panim.

Chochma

Chochma Keduma (lit. ancient Chochma) Chochma which is in Arich Anpin, and which does not illuminate in Atzilut, but only illuminates Chochma of the 32 Netivot. Chochma of the 32 paths (heb. Netivot) The light of Chochma, which Binah receives for ZO"N, and which is the 22 letters of Binah and the 10 Sefirot of the Ibur in Binah. Cheilot of Malchut (or Tzvaot of Malchut; lit. troops of Malchut) Partzufim, which emerge from Malchut of the worlds of BIY"A.

Chet

8 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Chet). Chibuk Smol (lit. left-side hug) The bestowal of power from Zeir Anpin upon Malchut, so that Malchut can lower the Lower Hey and raise the ACHA"P. Chitzoniyut (lit. outwardness) The more refined part of the Kli, which is itself the Kli for the Orh Makif. Chochma (lit. wisdom) Knowledge of the final results from all the details that there are in all of existence. Chochma (lit. wisdom) The light of essence of the emanated being. See also Orh Chochma. Cholam (Hebrew accent above a letter, indicating vowel [o]) The lights above the Otiyot. Chomer (lit. material) The Aviut that is in a Partzuf, and is coming from the 4th phase of the will. It also has length, width, depth and 6 Ktzavot: up, down, east, west, north and south. Choshech (lit. darkness) The 4th phase in the desire to receive, which does receive light as a result of the Tzimtzum. Chotam (lit. stamp, seal) Orh Chozer which ascends from the screen and above and dresses the 10 Sefirot of the Rosh. Nechtam - those same 10 Sefirot, which pass from the Rosh to the Guf. Chotem (lit. nose) Sefirah of Zeir Anpin of the Rosh. Churvah (lit. ruin, place of destruction) also Midbariyot (lit. deserts) The place of the Klipot in Olam Hazeh. Chutz laAretz (lit. outside the land of Israel) Asiya of Olam Hazeh. Briah - the place of Beit HaMikdash. Yetzirah - Eretz Israel.

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D

Da'at (lit. knowledge)

Dadei Behema (lit. beast breasts)

An illumination of Malchut without Mituk of Rachamim, the lower thirds of Netzach and Hod of Atik which are found in the world of Briah. Dadim (lit. beast breasts) The middle aspect between the Upper One and the Lower One; this is when the Upper One has a relation with the Lower One even at a time when the Lower One is not fitting to ascend to the Upper One.

Dalet

4 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Dalet) Dam (lit. blood) The Aviut that is in Malchut. To this Aviut the 1st restriction applies, so that it cannot receive any light within it. Hence Malchut ceases (heb. Domem, same root as dam) to receive light and, therefore it is called Dam. When this Aviut is in NEH"Y it is called Dam which is in the source, to which applies the Din of not to receive. However when this Aviut ascends to CHAGA"T, where it is not its place, it is sweetened and transformed into milk. Dam which is in Makor (lit. blood which is in the source) See Dam.

 

Dam of Leida (lit. blood of birth) When the MA"N of Zeir Anpin ascends to AV"I, it ascends together with the MA"N of all the Partzufim which are to emerge in the future, from Zeir Anpin to the last Partzuf that is in the World of Asiya. During the months of Ibur, the MA"N of Zeir Anpin is selected from the remaining MA"N. The Partzufim of the Ibur of Zeir Anpin emerge, and afterwards MA"N of Zeir Anpin is born. During birth, all of the MA"N which does not belong to Zeir Anpin comes out as Dam of Leida. The Dam of Leida is also called Dam Tameh.

Dam which is transformed into milk

See Dam. Dam Tameh (lit. impure blood) - also called Dam of Leida.

Darkness (heb. Choshech)

See also Place of darkness. Death (heb. Mitah)

Death of the Kings (heb. Mitat haMelachim)

Derech Tzad (lit. side way)

A restricted bestowal. Dibur (lit. speech) 10 Sefirot of light, that pass from Malchut of the Rosh, which is called Peh, to the Toch. The Inner Partzuf of Nukvah is called Dibur, and if it leaves and Nukvah remains only with the Outer Partzuf, then it is called ilem, since the inner Partzuf is GA"R and the outer is VA"K. Dibur (lit. speech) 10 Sefirot of light, which pass by way of Malchut, and descend from it and below to the Guf. Din (lit. Judgement)

Distancing

A Tikun; when the Kli distances itself from receiving the light of Chochma and chooses light of Chassadim.

Distancing from the Upper Light

The closer something is to the place of Chalal Panui, the more distant it is considered to be from the Upper Light. Distant (heb. Rachok)

Dmut (lit. semblance, image)

The Levushim of Mochin of Nukvah. The letters Yod - Hey - Vav of the name HAVAYA"H are Tzelem; and the last Hey of HAVAYA"H is Dmut. Dofen (lit. side) The Aviut of the screen is the Kli which receives light and is called Dofen of the Kli, because the sides of the Kli make up its totality. The 4 aspects of the Aviut are the 4 Klipot in the width of the side, which are enclothed one on the other, and are considered to be Pnimiut and Chitzoniyut. The most coarse aspect in the side of the Kli draws down greater abundance and is considered to be the Pnimiut of the Kli; and the remaining, more refined aspects, are considered as the Chitzoniyut of the Kli. The 4th aspect is inner with respect to the 3rd aspect, and the 3rd aspect is inner with respect to the 2nd. Dormita (lit. sleep) When a Partzuf ascends to its Upper One as MA"N, then all of its lights leave it, and it is considered that the Partzuf remains below with only a little life-force, and this diminished life-force is considered as sleep. Downwards (heb. MiLemala Lemata) From the 1st phase to the 4th, since the 4th phase remains without light and therefore is the lower, and the first phase is above all others, since its desire is the faintest. Downwards (heb. MiLemala Lemata) Light that extends from the refined to the coarse. It is called Orh Yashar. See also Upwards.. Dveikut (lit. merge, attachment) The equivalence of form between two spiritual entities.

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E

Ear (heb. Ozen)

Echad (lit. one)

The Upper Light which extends from His Essence, from above to below, without any change of form. Eden Elyon (lit. Upper Eden) Yesod of the world of Briah. Eden Tachton (lit. Lower Eden) Yesod of the world of Asiya. Einsof (lit. The Infinite One, infinity)

Elevation (heb. Aliyah)

A refinement, because there is an elevation by means of the equivalence of form with the Einsof. And the rule is: the more refined one is - the upper it is, and the more coarse one is - the lower it is. Elohim Acharim (lit. other gods) The hold of the Klipot upon the Achoraim of Nukvah, since Nukvah has not a complete berur before the Gmar Tikun. Elyon (lit. upper one, upper level) That which is most important.

Empty Space

See Chalal Panui, Makom Panui. Emtza'i (lit. middle) That which joins, weighs and decides between two ends which are distant from each other. Etz (lit. tree) Yesod of Zeir Anpin; The middle line; Place of the Zivug. Eretz Edom (lit. the land of Edom) When Malchut is included in Binah, then Binah is called Eretz Edom. Eretz Elyona (lit. upper land) Binah. Malchut - Eretz Tachtona. See also Eretz Edom. Eretz Israel (lit. the land of Israel) Yetzirah of Olam Hazeh. Eretz Tachtona (lit. lower land) Malchut. Et (preposition of accusative case; spelled Alef - Tav) Malchut is called Et since it includes all the letters from Alef (the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet) to Tav (the last letter in the alphabet). Et Ratzon (lit. time of will, desire) This occurs during the Zivug of Gadlut, when by means of the light of A"B-SA"G, the light of Chochma illuminates, and the Se'arot are gone, and the Metzach of the desire is revealed.

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F

Form (heb. Tzura)

Full (heb. Malleh)

That which has no lack, and there is nothing to add to its perfection.

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G

GA"R (abbrev. Gimel Rishonot; lit. three first [Sefirot]) Lights of Rosh which were prior to the Kelim which are the Sefirot of KACHA"B, that are called Rosh of the Partzuf.

GA"R of Guf

CHAGA"T. Gadlut (lit. greatness) The light of Chochma of this level. Gag (lit. roof) The Keter that is in each level. Galgalim (lit. wheels) The Sefirot of Igulim, since the lights curve in them in a circular form, because there is no Zakut and Aviut over there. Galgalta (lit. skull) The Partzuf of Keter; the Kli in which the light of Yechida dresses. Galgalta veEyeneim (lit. skull and eyes)

Gan Eden (lit. the Garden of Eden)

Malchut of Atzilut. Eden is Chochma, Gan is Malchut. Since all of the world of Atzilut is Chochma, then Malchut of Atzilut is called Gan Eden. Gan Eden Elyon (lit. the upper Garden of Eden) In the world of Briah, which is Binah. Gan Eden Tachton (lit. the lower Garden of Eden) Yesod of Malchut in the world of Asiya. Gashmiut (lit. corporeality) Anything which is imagined and perceived by our 5 senses, or takes time and place. Gazar (lit. cut) The separation of the lower Hey from the Kelim which fell to BIY"A. Upon this depends all of the correction. Gidim (or gidin, lit. sinews) The Kelim of Binah in the 10 Sefirot whose statures are equal. See also Inner Zivug.

Gimel

3 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Gimel). Gmar Tikun (lit. conclusion of correction)

Guf (lit. body)

The true Kelim of reception in each level, which extend by the power of the Orh Chozer that is in the screen, from the screen and below. The reception of the lights in the Guf is made in actuality. (As opposed to potentiality. See Koach). Gvul (lit. boundary) The screen that is in the level.

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H

Habata of the Panim (lit. looking of the face) A bestowal of the light of Chochma. Hachana (lit. preparation) See preparation to receive. Hagdala (lit. growing) The transition from the situation of Katnut to Gadlut. Hakaah (lit. striking) The meeting of the Upper Light with the screen, which is similar to that of two hard objects, that one of them wants to break through the boundary of the other, which resists and does not allow it to enter. Hamshacha (lit. the act of drawing) See Nimshach. Hamtaka (lit. sweetening) If Kelim are damaged from the shattering, they need the light as if to sweeten their bitterness, namely, their power of Din, so that the outer forces would have no hold over them. HAVAYA"H - ADN"Y A Zivug PB"P of Zeir Anpin and Nukvah is hinted at by the combination YAHDVNH"Y: Yod of HAVAYA"H, which is Zeir Anpin, comes at the beginning of the combination and hints at Chochma which is in Zeir Anpin. Yod of ADN"Y, that comes at the end of the combination, hints at Chochma which is in Nukvah. Havdala (lit. separation) The action of the screen, which separates the Partzuf that passes through the screen on its way down, so that it would not draw sustenance from above the screen. Hearing (heb. Shmiyah)

Hevel (lit. breath, vapor)

Orh Chozer, which rises from the screen up.

Hey

5 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Hey). Hidden Chassadim (heb. Chassadim Mechusim)

Histaklut (lit. observation, staring)

The spreading of the light from the Einsof to the screen. Light which comes from the Einsof is always light of Chochma, or Orh of Eyeneim, or Re'iya, or Histaklut. Hitkashrut (lit. connection) The 10 Sefirot of Orh Chozer, that ascend from the screen of the Rosh and enclothe the 10 Sefirot of Orh Yashar, connect with them, because over there the lights are yet prior to the Kelim. Hitkolelut (lit. inclusion)

Hitpashtut (lit. spreading)

Light, which goes out from the Emanator and arrives to the emanated being as result of being drawn down by the desire to receive of the emanated being, who draws the spreading light to him, according to the measure of his longing for the light. Hizdakchut of the screen (lit. refinement of the screen)

Hug (heb. Chibuk)

See Chibuk Smol. Husk (heb. Klipa)

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I

Ibur (lit. pregnancy) Zivug of Katnut. See also Yarchei Ibur. Ibur of Ir (lit. pregnancy of city) The first 6 Sefirot of Briah, which bulge from the world of Atzilut and below. Idrin (lit. inner rooms) Inner rooms, CHAGA"T of Zeir Anpin, which are filled with the light of Chassadim and do not reveal an illumination of Chochma. Therefore they are called inner. See also Achsadraim. Igulim (heb. Circles) See Agol. Illumination of Chochma (heb. Hearat Chochma)

Ilem (lit. dumb)

The 10 Sefirot of light, that pass from Malchut of Rosh, which is called Peh, to the Toch. The inner Partzuf of Nukvah is called Dibur, and if it departs and Nukvah remains only with its outer Partzuf, then it is called Ilem, since the inner Partzuf is GA"R and the outer is VA"K. Ima (lit. mother)

Ima Tata'a (lit. the lower mother)

Malchut of Atzilut. Inner (heb. Pnimi)

Inner Zivug of Atzilut

The inner Kelim of Atzilut are KACHA"B, which are called Mocha, Atzamot (lit. bones), Gidim, together with the lights of NARA"N. The light of Chaya and Yechida are dressed within the light of Neshama. The Kelim of Zeir Anpin and Malchut were separated from the Partzuf. Therefore they are called Bassar and Ohr, which are not true and complete Kelim, but only surround the Kli of the Guf from the outside. They receive the lights that are in them - Ruach and Nefesh - from the inner Kelim. Therefore there are lights of Ruach and Nefesh in the inner Kelim, and lights of Ruach and Nefesh in the outer Kelim. >From the Zivug of the inner Kelim are born souls of the people; and from the Zivug of the outer Kelim are born the souls of the angels. Therefore the souls of a man are considered as the Pnimiut of the worlds, because they emerge from the inner Kelim of the Partzuf; and the angels are considered as Chitzoniyut of the worlds, because they emerge from the outer Kelim of the Partzuf.
Ir (lit. city)
The state of the world of Atzilut when the worlds rise above it.
Israel or Moshe and Israel GA"R of Zeir Anpin, or the inner Partzuf. ISHSU"T (abbrev. Israel, Saba uTvuna; lit. Israel, grandfather and intelligence) The aspect of ZA"T or ACHA"P of AV"I. When AV"I make a Zivug PB"P, AV"I and ISHSU"T are considered to be one Partzuf. When AV"I make a Zivug AB"A, ISHSU"T is separated from AV"I to a separate Partzuf.

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J

Jerusalem See Yerushalayim.

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K

KACHA"B (abbrev. Keter - Chochma - Binah)

Kaf

20 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Kaf).
Kaf Bet
22 letters of the Hebrew Alphabet. The letters are Kelim in which the light is enclothed. And there are 22 heads of discernments from which all of the Partzufim are discerned.

Kaf Zayin

27 letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The 22 letters of the alphabet plus the 5 final letters MANTZEPA"CH. By means of the 5 phases of Sium of the screen in the Rosh, the lights spread out to the Guf and give birth to the Kelim, that is, to the remaining 22 letters. These are called the 5 Utterances of the Partzuf, and are only written, and not oral. Kamatz (Hebrew accent below a letter, indicating vowel [a]; lit. clenched) The clenching of the lights, that indicates the 10 Sefirot of Rosh, which are clenched before they dress in the Kelim of the Guf. See also Pattach. Karka (lit. ground) Malchut of each level or of the Olam. Karov (lit. near) Karov means a strong illumination of the light of Chochma. See also Rachok. Katnut (lit. smallness) The two Partzufim of Ibur and Yenika of each Partzuf, because they have no Rosh or Mochin. Katzar (lit. short) See Aroch. Kav (pl. Kavim; lit. line) Indicates that in it there is a distinction, from above to below, that was not there prior to the Kav, and also indicates that its illumination is much smaller than its former value. The 10 Sefirot of Yosher are also called pipe according to the Kelim, and according to the lights they are called line. Kaved (lit. liver) Inner Kli wherein is the light of Nefesh. Kedusha (lit. sanctity, holiness)

Kelim of Panim (lit. vessels of face)

Kelim above the Chazeh of the Partzuf . Kelim Chitzoniim (lit. outer vessels) The Kelim of hind sides; Kelim below the Chazeh of the Partzuf . See also Chitzoniyut.

Kelim of Hind Sides

See Kelim Chitzoniim. Kesher (lit. connection) A name for the Tikun of Kavim, since all the Sefirot connect until there is no contrariness between them. Kesher of the Sefirot (lit. connection Sefirot)
The rising of the lower Hey to the Eyeneim connects the Sefirot to one another. See also Nikvei Eyeneim.
Keter (lit. crown; pl. Ktarim) The inspiration of the Shoresh upon the level is called Keter, from the Hebrew word Machtir (lit. crowning; has the same root Kaf, Tav, Reish), meaning: encircling, because Keter is more refined than any level, and therefore it encircles Partzuf from above. Kisse (lit. throne, chair) World of Briah. The word Kisse is from Kissuy and Ha'alama (lit. Covering and Concealing), because the light of Chochma is concealed there. It is also called Kisse since the light of Chassadim which passes through the Parsa is considered as light of VA"K, that is sitting, as opposed to the light of Chochma, which is light of GA"R and standing. Kisse of Kavod (lit. Throne of Honor) The 10 Sefirot of the light of Ima, which spread out in the world of Briah: GA"R is called Kisse (lit. throne), VA"K is called 6 steps to the Kisse, and Malchut which is dressed in Malchut of Briah is called Din, or Tchelet, or Sandalphon. Kisse of Din (lit. Throne of Judgement) Malchut of Mochin of Ima, which is dressed in Malchut of the world of Briah. Kisse of Rachamim (lit. Throne of Mercy) The first nine Sefirot of Mochin of Ima. Kista deChayuta (lit. chest of life-force) Reshimot from the light that was in Partzuf, namely, what remains in its place when it rises as MA"N to the Elyon, when the Mochin are pushed out. Kli (pl. Kelim; lit. vessel) The desire to receive that is in the emanated being. Kli for Orh Makif (lit. vessel for surrounding light) That half of the Kli's side which is outer, that is, more refined; and Kli for Orh Pnimi is that half of the Kli's side which is inner, that is, coarser than the Kli for Orh Makif. Kli for Orh Pnimi (lit. vessel for inner light ) That half of the Kli's side which is inner, that is, coarser; and Kli for Orh Makif is that half of the Kli's side which is outer, that is, more refined.

Kli of Malchut

The 4th phase of Orh Yashar, to which applies the 1st restriction, in order not to receive any light. Kli which raises MA"N ACHA"P of the Elyon at a time of Gadlut. Klipa of Noga (lit. Venus' husk, husk of radiance) A kind of Nitzotzim, which have within them a mixture of good and evil. When Noga receives the light in its good part, there is a bestowal of the light on its evil part as well. Klipot (sing. Klipa; lit. husks, shell) The desire contrary to the Upper Light which is for bestowal only; that is, the desire to receive. Therefore Klipot are separated from life and called dead. Knafaim (lit. wings) Malchut of Ima is always in a state of Katnut, and it separates between ZO"N and the Chitzonim. Thus it protects ZO"N, because through Malchut of Ima, only the illumination of Chochma passes. The Parsa below Atzilut is made of Malchut of Ima as well. It is called shoe (heb. Na'al), because it protects the leg of ZO"N, and no illumination of Chochma passes through it. Kneset Israel (lit. Assembly of Israel) Partzuf of GA"R of Malchut which receives (assembles) lights from GA"R of Z"A, which is called Israel. Koach (lit. potentiality) A phase which is like a kernel from which a tree evolves. Koach haKlipa (lit. the strength of the husk) The Levushim of the lights leave their Kelim because of the mixing of evil within them, and so they fall to the Klipot with remnants of light, and this strengthens the Klipot. Kol and Dibur (lit. voice and speech) A Zivug of the two inner Partzufim of Z"A and Nukvah. It is also called Zivug of Neshikin. Kotel (lit. wall) Screen of Achoraim of Ima, which has the force of Chafetz Chesed, that prevents the light of Chochma from extending to ZO"N, which are in a state of Katnut.

Kuf

100 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Kuf).

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L

La'Atid Lavo (lit. in the future to come) Lights of upper Binah are called La'Aatid Lavo, since they are set in Zeir Anpin to come in the future. See also Olam haBa.

Lamed

30 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Lamed). Large (heb. Gadol) The revealment of the light of Chochma. The lack of the light of Chochma makes the Partzuf small. Leat (lit. slowly, step by step) The drawing in of lights, according to the order of the level, in the order of cause and effect. Leida (lit. birth) The recognition of the Aviut of the Guf of Zeir Anpin, that it differs from the Aviut of Ima, is considered that Zeir Anpin was born and exited to the outside because of a modification of form, which is like a change of place at the corporeal ones. Lemala (lit. up) The equivalence of form of the Lower to the Upper . Lev (lit. heart) A Kli for the light of Ruach. It is located in the Sefirot of CHAGA"T. Lev haEven (lit. Heart of stone)

Levush (pl. Levushim; lit. garment, dress)

The aspect of Zeir Anpin, which separated from Orh Pnimi and became Orh Makif; and also, each Lower Partzuf is called Levush with regards to the Upper Partzuf.
Light (heb. Orh)

Line (heb. Kav)

Long (heb. Aroch)

Looking of the Panim (heb. Habatat Panim)

Loven of the Elyon (lit. The whiteness of the Upper One)

A light, before it is dressed in a Kli, is called white, because all the shades of color are from the side of the Kelim only. Lower (heb. Tachton)

Lower Chochma (lit. lower wisdom)

Chochma which is in Nukvah.

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M

Maatzil (lit. Emanator) Every cause with regard to its effect. Malchut of Rosh is also considered as the Maatzil with regard to the Guf, and so is every upper level relative to the lower level. MA"H (Mem - Hey) The name HAVAYA"H while filled out with the Milluy of the letters Alef: [Yod - Vav - Dalet] - [Hey - Alef] - [Vav - Alef - Vav] - [Hey - Alef]. And all the statures which come out in Atzilut, come out in the stature of MA"H. And MA"H is called the New MA"H in relation to the lights, Nitzotzim and Kelim of Nikudim, which are joined to it and are considered older than it, because they were already used in the previous Partzuf of Nikudim. MA"N (abbrev. Meyen Nukvin; lit. waters of nukvot) G"E of the lower one, which were attached to ACHA"P of the upper one in a single level, ACHA"P of the Upper being declined in them to a state of Katnut. Therefore, as a result of the attachment at the time of Katnut, even when the Upper Level enters a state of Gadlut because its ACHA"P rises and becomes new NEH"Y, G"E of the Lower Level are still within its ACHA"P. This is like the screen and Reshimot of A"B, which are included in the Rosh of Galgalta, and beget A"B; and the same is also done in the 2nd restriction by means of Ibur, only that the Zivug applies to the Yesod. See also Meyen Nukvin. MA"N That which causes the Zivug. Machtzeva of Neshama (lit. origin of the soul) The desire to receive, imprinted in the souls, which separates them from the Upper Light and carves them out of it. This matter of the carving out of the Neshamot is the aspect of the transition between the world of Atzilut and the world of Briah. Mador haKlipot (lit. section of Klipot)

Makom (lit. place)

Makom (lit. place)

The desire to receive that is in the emanated being. Makom of Choshech (lit. place of darkness)

Makom of Herayyon (lit. place of pregnancy)

Makom of Yishuv (lit. Place of residence)

Makom Panui and Chalal (lit. an empty place a vacuum)

When Zeir Anpin ascends to Arich Anpin, which is its real place with regards to the Nikudim, the place of BIY"A remains an empty space, because there is no light of perfection of Atzilut over there, until, at the Gmar Tikun, Atzilut descends below the Parsa. Makor haOrhot (lit. source of the lights)

Malach (lit. angel)

Malchut (pl. Malchuyot, lit. kingship)

The last phase. It is called so because from it and on, the control extends vigorously and with absolute authority. Malchut ain lah Orh (lit. there is no light in Malchut) This is because the screen has refined itself, and only the Aviut of the Shoresh remains, which is not enough for the Zivug, and therefore Malchut can only receive from the Zivug done in Zeir Anpin. Malchut Mesayemet (lit. Malchut that concludes) Malchut of Guf. See also Sium. Malchut Mezaveget (lit. Malchut that makes Zivugim) Malchut of Rosh. Malleh (lit. full)

MANTZEPA"CH (Mem, Nun, Tzadi, Pey, Kaf - letters which being a last one in a word have a special graphical form)

The aspects of the screen and Aviut of the Partzuf, which remained in the Partzuf from the time of its Katnut. MA"N of the Lower One are attached to the ACHA"P of the Partzuf of Nukvah, to the MA"N of Nukvah herself, which is left to it from her Ibur. And from the screen of her Ibur, the Lower One receives the stature of its Ibur. Therefore, MA"N of Ibur is included in MANTZEPA"CH of Nukvah, which Nukvah raises to Zeir Anpin, and then the Ibur on its MA"N takes place, and Partzuf gets its stature. Masach (lit. screen) The power of Tzimtzum which arises in the emanated being as a reaction to the Upper Light and stopping it on its way down to the 4th phase. This means that on the very moment that the Upper Light arrives and contacts the 4th phase, the power of Tzimtzum is awakened, strikes the Upper Light and pushes it back. This very power is called Masach. Matah (lit. beneath) Lower in level. Mazal (lit. luck, constellation; derived from the verb lizol, lit. to flow) Yesod, because it bestows the light of Chochma in measures, like drops, without continuity. Mazla (Aramaic: Mazal) Se'arot of Dikna, because their lights flow down like drops, until they join the great lights that are in the worlds. Mechaber (lit. joins) Malchut of the Upper One became Keter for the Lower One and in this way it joins these two levels together, because an equivalence of form is made between them and by this a connection is made between all of the levels. Mechitzot (lit. partitions) Guf of a Partzuf. Mem 40 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Mem). Meshulash (lit. triangle) A level with only the first 3 aspects of the desire. Metaltelin (lit. oscillating; movable property) VA"K; because as long as the Partzuf does not arrive to GA"R, it keeps moving back and forth between Din and Rachamim. Metzach (lit. forhead) Binah of Keter. Metzach of the Ratzon (lit. forehead of the desire) When during the Zivug of Gadlut, the light of Chochma illuminates by means of the light of A"B-SA"G, the Se'arot are gone, and the desire is revealed. Meyen Nukvin (lit. waters of Nukvot) As a result of the spreading of the Nekudot of SA"G below the Tabur, were joined together the two Reshimot: of the first Hey from SA"G and of the lower Hey from Galgalta, and the screen included two Nekevot - Binah and Malchut. For this reason the screen is called Meyen Nukvin, since from this point on each Zivug it makes includes two Nukvin. See also MA"N. Meyuchad (lit. unique) When in the end everything will be made into Yachid. Mezonot (lit. sustenance) It comes necessarily from a higher level, because it gives the power to ascend and enclothe the upper level permanently. Mi (lit. who)
Binah

Milk (heb. Chalav)

Midbar (pl. Midbariyot; lit. desert)

Also Churvah: the place of the Klipot in Olam Hazeh. Milluy (pl. Milluyim; lit. filling)
The measure of the Aviut that is in the screen, because the Kli is being filled by due to it (i.e. to the Aviut).
Milluy of HAVAYA"H (lit. filling in of HAVAYA"H) The name of HAVAYA"H (Hey - Vav - Yod - Hey vocalized with sound a) is the 10 Sefirot: Yod - Chochma, the first Hey - Binah, Vav - Zeir Anpin, the lower Hey - Malchut. However, this does not indicate their stature, which can be the stature of Nefesh or Ruach, or Neshama, or Chaya, or Yechida. It is determined according to their Milluy, which makes clear the light that is in the 10 Sefirot of HAVAYA"H: the stature of Nefesh of HAVAYA"H is filled with the Milluy of Hey, and has the numerical value BO"N (52); the stature of Ruach is filled with the Milluy of Alef, and has the numerical value MA"H (45). The stature of Neshama is filled with the Milluy of Yod and only the Vav is filled with the Milluy of Alef, and this has the total numerical value of SA"G (63); and the stature of Chaya is completely filled with the Milluy of Yod, even inside the Vav of HAVAYA"H, and has the total numerical value of A"B (72). See also Milluyim. Milluyim (sing. Milluy; lit. fillings) Partzuf is 10 Sefirot which are empty: Keter - Chochma - Binah - Tiferet - Malchut. The signs in the name of HAVAYA"H are: Yod -Chochma, Hey - Binah, Vav - Zeir Anpin, Hey - Malchut. The numerical value is as follows: Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey = 10+5+6+5 = 26 = Kaf-Vav. However, this does not indicate these Sefirot"s stature - Nefesh, Ruach, Neshama, Chaya, Yechida - which is determined according to the Milluy of the light by the 10 Sefirot. And their stature goes as follows.
The stature of Chaya is completely filled with the Milluy of Yod (=10) even inside the Vav of HAVAYA"H, and the total numerical value of this is A"B (Ayin-Bet=72):
Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey of Chaya = (10+6+4) + (5+10) + (6+10+6) + (5+10) = 72 = A"B
The stature of Neshama is filled with the Milluy of Yod (=10), and only the Vav is filled with the Milluy of Alef (=1), and this has the total numerical value of SA"G (Samech-Gimel=63):
Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey of Neshama = (10+6+4) + (5+10) + (6+1+6) + (5+10)=63=SA"G.
The stature of Ruach is filled with the Milluy of Hey (=5) and only the Vav has the Milluy of Alef (=1), and the total numerical value of this is MA"H (Mem-Hey=45):
Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey of Ruach = (10+6+4) + (5+1) + (6+1+6) + ( 5+1)= 45 = MA"H
The stature of Nefesh is filled with the Milluy of Hey (=5) and only the Vav has no Milluy, and the total numerical value of this is BO"N (Bet-Nun = 52):
Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey of Nefesh = (10+6+4) + (5+5) + (6+6) + (5+5) = 52 = BO"N
Index for calculating numerical values:
This Index is based on the Hebrew spelling of the full names of the letters of the name of HAVAYA"H, which are Yod-Hey-Vav-Hey. The spelling and numerical value of Yod remain unchanged, but those of Hey and Vav vary, and are therefore different from one stature to the other, thus changing the stature's total numerical value accordingly.
The following table specifies these variations.
 
  Chaya Neshama Ruach Nefesh
Yod yod+vav+dalet 
( 10 + 6 + 4 )
yod+vav+dalet 
(10 + 6 + 4)
yod+vav+dalet (10 + 6 + 4 ) yod+vav+dalet 
(10 + 6 + 4 )
Hey hey+yod 
(5 + 10)
hey+yod 
(5+10)
hey+alef 
(5+1)
hey+hey  
(5+5)
Vav vav+yod+vav (6 + 10 + 6 )  vav+alef+vav (6+1+6) vav+alef+vav 
(6+1+6)
vav+vav  
(6+6)
Hey Same as 1st Hey same as 1st Hey  same as 1st Hey same as 1st Hey
Total numerical value: A"B = 72 SA"G = 63 MA"H = 45 BO"N = 52
 Milluy Shemot (lit. filling in of the names)
This is what indicates the stature of the level. The Nikud of the Otiyot indicates the origin of each particular level in the names, namely, if this level is an inclusion of the Upper One, or of the Lower One, or of itself. Mitah, Place of Mitah (lit. death) The place that is below the Sium of the Upper Light, that is, below the point of Tzimtzum, which is the Parsa. Therefore Kelim that fell below the Parsa are called dead, since they are separated from the light of life. Mitah (lit. death) Wherever the light of Atzilut departs from the Kli, it is considered as death. Therefore the light of Chochma is called the light
of life, Orh of Chaya, since the Kli has no Chayut other than with the light of Chochma.
Mitah of Melachim (lit. death of the kings) After they are unable to receive the light of Chochma, they are cut off from the Kav of the Upper Light. This is considered that they fell to BIY"A and died, because the light ends up in Atzilut. Mitbatel (lit. being cancelled out; relinquishing one's separate existence; merging into)
When two spiritual entities are completely equal in form, with no difference whatsoever between them, they return to be one, and the small one is cancelled out within the large one.
Mituk of Rachamim (lit. sweetening of mercy)

Miut of the Yareach (lit. decrease of the moon)

The state of Malchut of the world of Atzilut, which is incapable of receiving lights because of a lack of corrections. Moach (aram.: Mocha; lit. brain) 1) The Sefirah of Keter in the 10 Sefirot whose stature is equal.
2) Kli for the light of Neshama, which is located in GA"R.
Mochin (lit. brains) Lights of GA"R, or lights of Rosh. Mochin of Gadlut (lit. brains of Gadlut) That which Zeir Anpin receives by means of ascending to MA"N after 9 years. This is called the 3rd Ibur, and is also called Mochin of Holada, because ZO"N make a Zivug Panim Be Panim and can give birth to souls. Mochin of Holada (lit. brains of birth) 1) That which Zeir Anpin receives by means of ascending to MA"N after 9 years, and ZO"N make a Zivug Panim Be Panim and can give birth to souls. This is called Mochin of Gadlut and is also called the 3rd Ibur Gimel.
2) It is the light of Chaya as well, which Z"A receives from AV"I that are in the stature of A"B and by means of these Mochin Zeir Anpin gives birth to GA"R of the souls.
Moshe and Israel See Israel. Motarim of Mocha (lit. surplus of brain) Lights which the Moach cannot endure because of a lack of corrections, and therefore they come out on top of Galgalta. They are also called Se'arot. Movement (heb. Tnu'ah) Any renewal of form from a previous form.

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N

Na'al (lit. shoe) See Knafaim. NARA"N (abbrev. Nefesh - Ruach - Neshama)

NARANCHA"Y (abbrev. Nefesh - Ruach - Neshama - Chaya - Yechida)

The Kelim of the 10 Sefirot are called KACHA"B ZO"N. The lights of the 10 Sefirot are called: Nefesh - Ruach - Neshama - Chaya - Yechida. The Kelim are named top down, and the lights bottom up, according to the order of their growth. Narrow (heb. Tzar)

Near (heb. Karov)

Nechtam (lit. sealed, imprint)

Those 10 Sefirot that pass from the Rosh to the Guf, because the seal is the returning light that ascends from the screen above and dresses the 10 Sefirot of Rosh. Nefesh (lit. soul) Light that the Partzuf receives from its adjacent Upper One, and not as a bestowal from the Einsof. Also called the light of Nukvah. Nefilah (lit. fall) The descent of a level to the lower level, because of becoming like it. Nehiro The light of Yishai. Nehiro Dakik (lit. thin light) A small and thin illumination, that revives the Klipot. NEH"Y (abbrev. Netzach - Hod - Yesod)
Nekudah (lit. point) Malchut that has no Zivug and does not elevate a returning light is black and without any light, as a result of the Tzimtzum, which is done in the middle point. Nekudah Emtzayit (lit. middle point) The 4th phase in Einsof, because it is in unity with the light of Einsof. Nekudot (lit. points, dots, vocalization accents) The 4 statures which come out upon the Zivug in the screen at the time of the refinement of the screen.
Lights of Tabur - Nekudot above the letters, also called Cholam.
Lights of Yesod - Nekudot inside the letters, also called Melafon.
Light of Sium of Raglaim - Nekudot below the letters.
Nekudot of SA"G

Neshama (lit. soul)

Light which is dressed in the Kli of Binah. It is also called breath (heb. Neshima), because Zeir Anpin receives the light of the breath of life (heb. Ruach of Chayim) from Binah, by means of rising and descending, like breathing. Neshamot of Adam haRishon (lit. souls of the First Man) Before the sin this refers to NARA"N from BIY"A which is in Atzilut. After the sin remains the light of Nefesh in the Kli of Keter, in all the Sefirot of BIY"A except of AV"I of Briah. Neshamot of Bnei-Adam (lit. souls of men) The inner Kelim of Atzilut are KACHA"B, and are also called Mocha, Atzamot (see Bassar), Gidin, together with the lights of NARA"N. The lights of Chaya and Yechida are dressed within the light of Neshama. The Kelim of Zeir Anpin and Malchut separated from the Partzuf and therefore they are called Bassar and Ohr, yet they are not real, complete Kelim, but only surround the Kelim of the Guf from the outside. The Kelim of Zeir Anpin and Malchut receive their lights, Ruach and Nefesh, from the inner Kelim. Thus there are lights of Ruach and Nefesh in the inner Kelim as well as lights of Ruach and Nefesh in the outer Kelim. From the Zivug of the inner Kelim are born the souls of men, and from the Zivug of the outer Kelim are born the souls of angles. Therefore the souls are considered to be the Pnimiut of the worlds, because they emerge from the inner Kelim of the Partzuf, and the angels are considered to be the Chitzoniyut of the worlds, because they emerge from the outer Kelim of the Partzuf. Neshamot of Malachim (lit. souls of angels) See Neshamot of Bnei-Adam. Neshamot Chadashot (lit. new souls) 1) The substantially new souls, which are drawn from Chochma of Orh Yashar, and they do not get to the world of Tikun.
2) The renewed souls, which come from Chochma of the 32 paths, from Binah which is included in Chochma. However, with relation to ZO"N they are new, because they come from the new MA"H (and only the souls of BO"N are old);
In these souls there are two aspects:
A). New souls of PB"P; because at the time of the Temple, Zeir Anpin was permanently in the stature of A"B, and Briah, which is the aspect of Neshamot, was in Atzilut; and therefore the souls were in the world of Atzilut as well, and were considered to be PB"P.
B). After the destruction of the Temple, Briah descended to its place below the Parsa, and so there is no light of Atzilut in Briah other than AB"A, and therefore these souls are considered as new Neshamot from the aspect of AB"A.
Neshikin (lit. kissing) The Zivug of the two inner Partzufim of Z"A and Nukvah. It is also called a Zivug of Kol and Dibur. Neshira of the Eivarim (lit. dropping of the limbs) The fall of the souls to the Klipot. In the Kelim the fall to the Klipot is called shattering. Neshira of the Eivarim of Adam haRishon (lit. dropping of the limbs of the First Man) Before the sin, Adam haRishon had had NARA"N of Atzilut, and after the sin all the limbs of his soul dropped, and there remained only the light of Nefesh in the Kelim of 100 Ktarim. Nesira (lit. sawing) The separation of Nukvah from Zeir Anpin. Netinat Orhot (lit. giving of lights) The giving of lights from Sefirah to Sefirah by means of the refinement of the screen. All the lights come to Keter: when the 3rd aspect of Keter refined itself and turned into the 2nd aspect, it gave lights to Chochma; when the Aviut of Chochma refined itself and turned from the 2nd aspect into the 1st aspect, it gave lights to the Kli of Binah, etc. Netzitzo (lit. spark) The Orh Chozer. Nikud of Otiyot (lit. vocalization of letters) This indicates the source of each particular level which is in the letters, whether it is an inclusion of the Upper One, or of the Lower One, or of itself. The filling in of names indicates the stature of the level. Nikudim

Nikuy of Psolet (lit. waste disposal)

The Aviut in the MA"N of the lower one ascends and is included in the Zivug of the upper Partzuf. There this Aviut is clarified and corrected by means of attaining the screen from the Upper One. Then the lower one itself is fitting for Zivug. Everything depends on the Zivug that is made in the Upper One; if the Zivug is made upon the 1st Aviut which is in the screen, then from the entire Aviut only the 1st aspect is clarified and all the remaining aspects are not clarified, and they come out as waste, because they were not corrected by the screen. Therefore this Zivug is referred to by the name waste disposal, because only the amount of waste that the screen absorbs, is then corrected and rendered fitting for Zivug. Nekevah (also Nukvah; lit. female) Malchut of the world of Atzilut. It is called so because it receives light from Z"A through a hole (heb. Nekev, same root as Nekevah) in Zeir Anpin's Chazeh, wherein the light decreases. Nikvei Eyeneim (lit. eye holes) The 1st aspect of the Rosh, because Chochma is called Eyeneim and as a result of the elevation of the lower Hey in the Eyeneim, a Nukvah was made in Chochma as well. Nikvei Ozen, Chotem, Eyeneim (lit. holes of ears, nose, eyes) In the 2nd restriction Malchut ascended in each Sefirah up to the Sefirah of Chochma, and made in each Sefirah holes in the Chotem, Ozen and Eyeneim. Before the elevation of Malchut in each Sefirah, there was only one hole in the Peh. Nimshach (lit. drawn) The descent of light by force of the Aviut, meaning, by force of the longing that is in the emanated being. This is called Nimshach (lit. drawn) or Hamshacha (lit. the act of drawing). Nitzotzim (also Nitzotzin; heb. sparks) The Reshimot that were left from the lights of Nikudim after their departure from the shattered Kelim, have within them two kinds of lights:
1) A refined direct light - also called the lights - that remained in Atzilut.
2) A coarse returning light - also called Nitzotzin - that descended together with the Kelim in BIY"A.
Noflim (lit. that are falling) When Z"A is fitting, Tvunah ascends to Ima, makes a Zivug upon the 2nd Aviut and bestows on Z"A. Ima is called supporter to the falling, which are ZO"N, because she bestows on them GA"R.
Nogge'a (lit. touching)
A change of level which is not enough completed to separate the level from the Shoresh which is between two levels.
Nukvah (lit. female; pl. Nukvot; also Nekevah, pl. Nekevot) The purpose of Nukvah's growth is that in the future it will be Panim Be Panim with Zeir Anpin in one Keter. The purpose of Nukvah's lessening is a Nekudah beneath the Yesod of Zeir Anpin. Nun 50 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Nun).

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O

Olam (lit. World, pl. Olamot) The name Olam begins from the Partzuf of BO"N of the world of Adam Kadmon, because Z"A and Malchut of the inner Kelim of the 4th phase "disappeared" (heb. Verb ne'elam, same root as Olam) and then turned into Kelim for the Orh Makif, which are called Levush and Heychal. The meaning of Olam is concealment. Olam haBa (lit. the world to come) Lights of Tvunah, which are constantly coming in ZO"N. See also La'Atid Lavo Olam haZeh (lit. This world)

Olamot BIY"A

Olamot and Neshamot (lit. worlds and souls)

AV"I make two Zivugim:
1). Ach Be Ach, in order to revive the worlds with lights of Chassadim.
2). PB"P, in order to beget souls. From the 1st Zivug, the outer one, extends the Levush, and from the 2nd Zivug, the inner one, extends the light of Chochma, the souls. Therefore there are three Partzufim: The outer and the middle ones from the 1st Zivug, and the inner one from the 2nd Zivug.
One Equivalence When there is no recognition of the distinction between the 4 levels of the desire to receive. Orech (lit. length) The distance between the 2 edges of a level, from the most refined (the upper) aspect of the level, to the most coarse (the lower). See also Aroch. Orh (lit. light) Light is everything which is received in the 4th aspect, and this includes everything, with the exception of the desire to receive. Orh limited in a Kli When the light is held and depends on the measure of the Aviut in the Kli, and is unable to extend either more or less than the measure of the Aviut that is in the Kli.

Orh A"B-SA"G

Orh Atzilut (lit. light of the world of Atzilut) Orh of Chochma. Orh Briah (lit. light of the creation; light of the world of Briah) Orh of Chassadim without Orh of Chochma. Orh Chadash (lit. new light) Any light which comes out from the Tikun of the Kelim in the World of Atzilut. Orh Chassadim

Orh Chochma (lit. light of wisdom)

Light which extends from the Creator to the created being, and is the generality and the life force of the emanated being. Orh Chozer (lit. returning light) Light which is extended from a coarse to a refined one, which is called: from below to above. Orh Chozer (lit. returning light) Light which is not received in the 4th phase and is pushed away by the screen. After the 1st restriction it is used in all the Partzufim as a Kli of reception in place of the 4th phase. Orh Makif (lit. surrounding light) Any light which because of the weakness of the screen is rejected from being received in the Sof of the Partzuf. It remains surrounding the Partzuf, and pressures the screen in order to become enclothed in it in the future. Orh Mit'agel (lit. light which circles) Orh Yashar is made with the descent of the Upper Light to the Kelim exactly according to the longing of the Kelim, according to their 4th phase, and is comparable to a heavy object which falls directly (heb. Yashar) to the ground. In Kelim, which do not have Aviut, that is longing, the light travels in a circle, because they lack the power of drawing it directly towards them. Orh of Eyeneim (lit. light of eyes) Light, which comes out upon the screen that is in the Nikvei Eyeneim in the aspect of Aviut 1. See also Histaklut. Orh of Malchut (lit. light of Malchut) A light which the Partzuf receives from its adjacent upper level, and not as a bestowal from the Einsof. It is also called Orh of Nefesh, or Orh of Nekevah. Orh of Nefesh See Orh of Malchut. Orh of Nekevah (lit. light of female) See Orh of Malchut. Orh of Reshimo (lit. record, impression) That, which remains after the light leaves the Kli. Orh Panim (lit. light of face) Orh of Chochma. Orh Pnimi (lit. inner light) A light which is enclothed in a Kli. Orh Yashan (lit. old light) Light which remains in the world of Nikudim after the shattering of the Kelim. Orh Yashar (lit. straight, direct light) Light which is extended from the Einsof to the Partzufim. It is not bestowed on the Igulim but only on the Sefirot of Yosher according to the desire to receive. Orh Yashar (lit. straight, direct light) Light which is extended from refined to the coarse one, which is called: from above to below. Otiyot (sing. Ot; lit. letters) Kelim. Ozen (lit. ear) The stature of the10 Sefirot of the Rosh of the 2nd aspect, which is Binah.

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P

Panim (lit. face) The place in the Kli devoted for either receiving or bestowing. Panim Lemala (lit. face up) The Panim is up during the refinement of the screen, because of turning towards a more refined Aviut. Panim Lemata (lit. face down) When the light is bestowed according to the Gadlut of the Aviut, for the lower one to come and dress in the Aviut. Panim of Nekeva (lit. face of female) The Kelim of the Panim, which are attributed to the reception of Chochma. Panim of Zachar (lit. face of male) The bestowal of Chochma. Panui (lit. empty, vacant) A place which is ready to receive Tikunim. Parsa (lit. horseshoe) A boundary which divides the Partzuf into Kelim of bestowal and Kelim of reception. Partzuf (lit. face, nature, character; pl. Partzufim) 10 Sefirot, one beneath the other, which appear by means of the ascent of Malchut to the Emanator. Pashut (lit. simple) When there is no distinction of levels and sides. Pattach (Hebrew accent below a letter, indicating vowel [a]; lit. open) The spreading out of the lights in the Guf that opens an entrance to the light. See also Kamatz. PB"P (abbrev. Panim Be Panim; lit. face to face) This is when Nukvah receives the Upper Light from the Panim of the Zachar into the Kelim of her own Panim. Pe'ah (lit. edge) Malchut, because it is last of the Sefirot. Peh (lit. mouth) Malchut of Rosh. Perud (lit. separation) Two levels between which there is no equivalence of form, from no side whatsoever. Pey 80 (The numerical value of the Hebrew letter Pey). Phylacteries (heb. Tefillin)

Place (heb. Makom)

Time, Movement, Place - it is all one matter. Place of darkness (heb. Makom of Choshech) The Sefirah of Malchut, which concludes the Partzuf, because the power of Tzimtzum which is within this Sefirah, makes, from itself and outwards, a place of darkness. Place of pregnancy (heb. Makom of Herayyon) The lower third of the Sefirah of Tiferet of AV"I at the time when they are one Partzuf with ISHSU"T. Place of the Klipot's hold (heb. Makom achizat haKlipot) A place of lack within Kedusha. Place of the worlds of BIY"A (heb. Makom olamot BIY"A)

Pnimi (lit. inner)

The Partzufim of Ibur, Yenika and Mochin are enclothed in each other in such a manner that the greater it is, the inner is it.
Pnimiut (lit. inwardness, the inner part)
The Aviut that is in the screen, because it is the place of bestowing the abundance.
Place of Yishuv (lit. place of residence; heb. Makom haYishuv) Just as the place of the worlds of BIY"A is divided into G"E of BIY"A, which are the place of Kedusha, and the 14 Sefirot of the section of the Klipot, so is this world divided into: a) place of Yishuv, which consists of BIY"A, including the place of the Mikdash and the Land of Israel, and b) outside the land of Israel and the place of Churvah, which are the deserts, where there is no residence of men. Pregnancy (heb. Ibur)

Preparation to receive (heb. Hachana)

When a Partzuf has a screen with a measure of Aviut which is fitting for the Zivug and the drawing of light. Psolet (lit. waste and debris) Sigim that remain after the Berurim. Ptichat Eyeneim (lit. opening of the eyes) The illumunation of Chochma.

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Q

Quality of the place (heb. Eichut HaMakom) The quality of the place is the importance of the level which is found in the place. See also Quantity of the place. Quantity of the place (heb. Kamut HaMakom) The number of levels which are found in the place. See also Quality of the place.

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R

Rachamim (lit. Mercy)

Rachav (lit. wide)

The bestowal of Chassadim. Tzar (lit. narrow) - a restriction of Chassadim. The restriction of Chochma is called Katzar (lit. short). The bestowal of Chochma is called Aroch (lit. long). Rachel Nukvah of Zeir Anpin, which extends from its Chazeh and below. Rachok (lit. distant) A change of form in the greatest measure. A small illumination of the light of Chochma. See also Karov. RADL"A (abbrev. from Reisha deLo Etyada, lit. The head which cannot be known) The 10 Sefirot of the Rosh of Atik are called Reisha deLo Etyada because they use Malchut of the 1st restriction. Rakia (lit. heavens, firmament) Yesod of Z"A, because it is the Sium of Z"A, the upper water, and the beginning of Nukvah, the lower water. Regel (lit. leg; pl. Raglaim) See Knafaim. Return to the Emanator (heb. Chazarah leMaatzil) The departure of the light as a result of the refinement of the screen to the Malchut of the Rosh, which is the Emanator of the 10 Sefirot of the Guf. Reyach (lit. smell) Light in Zeir Anpin of Rosh, which is called Chotem. Re'iya (lit. seeing) The spreading out of the light from the Einsof to the screen. The light that comes from the Einsof is always the light of Chochma, or of Eyeneim, or Re'iya or Histaklut, that is Orh of Chochma of Rosh. Refinement (heb. Hizdakchut) See Hizdakchut of the screen. Renewal of the souls (heb. Hitchadshut of Neshamot) The bestowal of the light of Chochma on the souls, like at the time of Gadlut of the world of Nikudim, that was expelled due to the shattering of the Kelim; and also like the one they had a second time, before the sin of Adam haRishon, and was expelled a second time, as result of the dropping of the Aivarim of the Neshama. Reshimo (pl. Reshimot; lit. record) What the light leaves behind after its departure, and which is then the kernel and the root for the Leida of a second Partzuf from this one. Reshit (lit. beginning) Chochma of Zeir Anpin. Reysh 200 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Reysh). Ribu'a (lit. square) Zivugim which are made upon Malchut during its refinement from the 4th phase into the 3rd, from the 3rd into the 2nd, till it comes up to the Peh. These Zivugim are called so after the 4 kinds of the refinement of the screen. Ribuy of Orh (lit. multiplicity of light) Many Reshimot that were not renewed with a Zivug and therefore they claim their Tikun and ascend as MA"N for a new Zivug. Rosh (lit. head) That part of the emanated being which is most equal by the form to Shoresh. Also the 10 Sefirot of Upper Light which spread out to the screen that is in Malchut, in order to elevate Orh Chozer. They are called so, since they precede the screen and the light. Rosh is also the 10 Sefirot of Orh Yashar that are dressed in the 10 Sefirot of the Orh Chozer. Rosh to the Shualim (lit. head to the jackals) Rosh to the lower level. It is also a Zanav to the Arayot, that is the Sium of the upper level. Ruach (lit. wind, soul) Light of Chassadim. A light which is dressed in the Kli of Zeir Anpin, because its way is to ascend to Binah to draw light from it, and then to descend and bestow it to Malchut. Ruchaniyut (lit. spirituality) That which is abstracted from all aspects of corporeality, that is from time, place, imagination and movement.

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S

SA"G

Samech

60 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Samech). Samuch (lit. adjacent) one that is close in its form to the other. Sandalphon Malchut of Mochin of Ima, which is dressed in Malchut of the world of Briah. Se'arot (lit. hairs) The lights which the Moach cannot endure, because of a lack of Tikunim. Therefore they come out on top of Galgalta. They are also called Motarim of Mocha. Se'arot Dikna (lit. hairs of beard)

Seeing (heb. Re'iya)

Sefirah (lit. luminous; pl. Sefirot)

The 10 Sefirot of Orh Yashar which are dressed in the 10 Sefirot of Orh Chozer, and which come out upon one Zivug, called one Sefirah after the Sefirah which goes upper in the stature, even though the 10 Sefirot include the 10 Sefirot in length and thickness. Segol (Hebrew accent below a letter, indicating vowel [e]; appears as three points in a form of a triangle) A hint that there are 3 points of CHABA"D (Chochma - Binah - Da'at), where Chochma and Binah are PB"P. Separation of the Sigim (lit. dross) A Tikun, made by means of the light of Chochma, light of Abba, which is necessary in order to separate the lower Hey from all of the broken Kelim, because the Sigim is the lower Hey, which became mixed with The Seven Kings and caused the shattering of the world of Nikudim. Shadayim (lit. breasts) Dadim within which is the light of Chassadim, are called Shadayim when Chochma is revealed in them. Shattering (heb. Shvira) The cancellation of the boundary that is in the Masach. Shattering (heb. Shvira) The fall of the Kelim to the Klipot. The fall of the Neshamot to the Klipot is called Neshira of Eivarim. Shattering of the Kli (heb. Shvirat aKli) When a Kli is disqualified for receiving the light. She'ar (lit. inspiration) A Zivug for the revival of the worlds. Sheina (lit. sleep) When a Partzuf ascends to MA"N, it is considered, in its own place, to be in a state of sleep, that is the departure of the Mochin, and it remains with Kista deChayuta . Shell (heb. Klipa)

Shem (lit. name)

The explanation of how the light that is implied by the name, comes to the apprehension, as each level clarifies the ways of apprehension that are in that same level. Sheshet Alafim Shana (lit. Six thousand years) The world of Asiya is called two thousand years of Tohu, because Tohu is the Klipot, and all the world of Asiya is inside the Klipot. The world of Yetzirah is two thousand years of Torah, because Yetzirah is the phase of Zeir Anpin, which is the written Torah. The world of Briah is two thousand years of the days of Mashiach, because Briah is the phase of Binah (Ima), from which comes all the Geula (lit. salvation), which is Leah, mother of the Mashiach of David. Shin
300 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Shin).

Shmiyah (lit. hearing)

The light of Binah of the Rosh. Shoresh (lit. root)
All the aspects that are in the Keter. The 10 Sefirot of the Rosh.
Short (heb. Katzar) See Aroch. Sigim (lit. dross) The lower Hey that became mixed with the seven kings and caused the shattering of the world of Nikudim. Sinews (heb. Gidim, gidin)

Sion

See Tziyon. Sium of Raglaim of Adam Kadmon (lit. end of legs of the Early Man) Point of conclusion of Olam Hazeh, which is where the conclusion of the Kav of the Einsof is, which is where is the middle point of all the worlds. Sium of Raglaim of Atzilut (lit. end of legs of the Atzilut) Binah of NEH"Y of Adam Kadmon. Sium of the 1st Tzimtzum (lit. end of the 1st restriction) Above the point of Olam Hazeh. Sium of the 2nd Tzimtzum (end of the 2nd restriction) Parsa that concludes Elilut (lit. idolatry). Sium of the Kelim of Panim (lit. end of the Kelim of face)
Chazeh.
Sleep
See Sheina, Tardema, Dormita.
Slik Bruta (lit. rose outside)
The Zivug made upon the screen of the Aviut of the level Shoresh.

Smell (heb. Reyach)

Sof or Sium (lit. end or conclusion)

This is done by the power of detention which is in the 4th phase, wherein the Upper Light stops illuminating, because the 4th phase does not receive it. This 4th phase is called Sium because it ceases to receive the Upper Light, so that it does not spread in it, and thus the 4th phase concludes a level. Souls of men (heb. Neshamot of Bnei-Adam)

Souls of angels (heb. Neshamot of Malachim)

Source of the lights (heb. Makor haOrhot)

Malchut of Rosh, because it makes the Orh Chozer, that enclothes the light and lets into the Guf. Sovel (lit. suffers) Where a Kli is fitting for enclothing the light, but, by its own choice, does not do so. Sovev (lit. causes) Causes the Zivug. Speech (heb. Dibur)

Spreading (heb. Hitpashtut)

See Hitpashtut, Hitpashtut 1, Hitpashtut 2. Suffer (heb. Sovel)

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T

Taamim (lit. tastes) The spreading out of the light from above to below, from the Peh to the Tabur. Tabur (lit. navel) Malchut of Guf, from which begin the limitation and actual repulsion of the light. Tabur of the Lev (lit. navel of the heart) The place of the Chazeh. Tachlit Kulam (lit. the purpose of all) The 4th phase of the 4th phase, which is the most coarse of all, and is called Sof, because all the levels come only in order to correct it. Tachton (lit. The lower one)

Tardema (lit. slumber)

Zeir Anpin while elevating MA"N. It is also called Dormita. Tav 400 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Tav). Tchelet (lit. blue) Malchut of Mochin of Ima, which is dressed in Malchut of the world of Briah. Tchiyat haMetim (lit. resurrection of the dead) A return from BIY"A to the world of Atzilut, since the exit from the world of Atzilut is called death. Tchum Shabbat (lit. Sabbath bounds) Sium to the Upper Light forced by Malchut. Tefillin (lit. phylacteries) Tzitzit, which are the Se'arot of Z"A, that illuminate in the head of Nukvah and bring out to her Metzach the aspect of
Tefillin.
Tet 9 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Tet). Tiferet

Tikun (lit. correction, pl. tikunim)

Tikun of Kavim (lit. correction by means of lines)

Time (heb. Zman)

A certain sum of phases, which evolve one from the other in the order of cause and effect. Tipah (lit. drop) The drawing in of light only for a short time, with intervals. Tipah of Holadah (lit. a drop of begetting) Light of Chesed of Abba which lowers the Lower Hey from the Eyeneim. Tnu'ah (lit. movement)

Toch (lit. inside)

Tohu (lit. desolation, nothingness)

Tohu is called Atik, since in it is the negation of the apprehension. See Bohu. Torah (lit. teaching) Light of Zeir Anpin. Tosefet Shabbat (lit. supplement of Sabbath) The elevation of the worlds from the fifth hour of Sabbath eve. Tree (heb. Etz) Yesod of Z"A, middle line, place of Zivug. Tree of Knowledge (heb. Etz haDaat) A place from the Chazeh and below, which is called Asiya, and mainly Yesod, which is the middle line, called Etz. Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (heb. Etz haDaat Tov veRah) What is from the Chazeh of Z"A and below, because there is an illumination of Chochma over there, and therefore the Klipot have a hold there, which is called Evil. Tree of Life (heb. Etz Chayim) A place from the Chazeh and above, which is the place of hidden Chassadim, and there is light of Achoraim of Binah, where the Klipot have no hold. Tvunah (lit. understanding, insight, wisdom)

Tzadi

90 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Tzadi). Tzar (lit. narrow) See Aroch. Tzeire (Hebrew accent below a letter, indicating vowel [e]; appears as two points in a row) A hint at CHU"B (abbrev. Chochma and Binah), when Binah is the Achoraim of Chochma and they have no point of Da'at beneath them, that would make a Zivug between them. Binah is also called Tzeire, because all the Aivarim of Zeir Anpin receive their form by means of the screen of Aviut of Binah. Tzela (lit. rib) A name of Nukvah when she is attached AB"A to the Achoraim of the Chazeh of Zeir Anpin, "since she is attached to Guf of Zeir Anpin and they use one Keter". Tzelem (lit. image) An Orh Chozer which rises from the inclusion of MA"N of the lower one in the screen and the Aviut of the upper one, and dresses the 10 Sefirot of Orh Yashar. This Orh Chozer belongs to the upper one, but since the upper one makes, for the sake of the lower one, a Zivug upon the Aviut of the lower one, this Orh Chozer descends together with the Orh Yashar to the lower one. However the lower one, in order to receive this Orh Chozer, has to make diminish it on 3 levels which are called Mem - Lamed - Tzadi or, when read from below to above - Tzelem (Hebrew letters Tzadi - Lamed - Mem). See Dmut. Tzimtzum (lit. restriction) The one who restrains his desire, who withholds himself and does not receive, even though he really longs to receive. Tzinor (lit. pipe) The Kelim of Yosher, because they draw the light and restrict it within their boundary. See also Kav. Tzipornaim of Raglaim (lit. nails of feet) The Sium of each Partzuf. Tzitzit (lit. fringe) Se'arot of Zeir Anpin, which illuminate in the Rosh of Nukvah, which produces on her Metzach the aspect of Tefillin. Tziyon (Sion) Inner Yesod of Nukvah; comes from the word Yetziah (lit. exit). See also Yerushalayim. Tzura (lit. form, pl. Tzurot) The 4 aspects of Aviut in the Malchut, which are called Chochma, Binah, Zeir Anpin and Malchut, or The 4 Forms. Tzvaot of Malchut (lit. the troops of Malchut) See Cheilot of Malchut.

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U

Upper (heb. Elyon)

Upper Binah (heb. Binah Ila'a)

Upper Chochma (heb. Chochma Ila'a)

Chochma which is in Zeir Anpin. Upwards (heb. MiLemata Lemala) Light that extends from the coarse to the refined, and is called Orh Chozer. See also Downwards.

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V

VA"K (abbrev. Vav Ktzavot; lit. 6 edges)

VA"K and Nekudah of the Klipot of Atzilut

Before the sin of Adam HaRishon, after all the worlds ascended to Atzilut, there were Klipot in the14 Sefirot of the section of the Klipot; and they did not have a Partzuf, but only 6 edges (VA"K) to Zeir Anpin of the Klipa and a point (heb. Nekudah) to Nukvah of the Klipa. Vav 6 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Vav).

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W

Wide (heb. Rachav)


X


Y

Ya'akov (Jacob) VA"K of Zeir Anpin, or the outer Partzuf. Yachid (lit. singular) The Upper Light which brings the multitude of levels to their equivalence. See also Meyuchad. Yarchei Ibur (lit. months of pregnancy) Time and place refer to innovations of form. A Partzuf is completed by means of many Zivugim and lights, which are 7 or 9 or 12 months, according to the number of the lights which are joined for the completion of the Partzuf. Yashar (lit. straight) The descent of the Upper Light to the Kelim, exactly according to the longing of the Kelim, according to their 4th phase. This is comparable to a heavy object which falls directly to the ground. In Kelim which do not have Aviut, which means longing, the light circles, because they do not have the power of drawing the light directly towards them. See also Agol. Yechida (lit. the single one) Light which is dressed in the Sefirah of Keter. Yemei Kedem (lit. ancient days) The Sefirot of Atik, since they have within them the Malchut of the 1st restriction, which was concealed from all the remaining of the Partzufim \of Atzilut. Yenika (lit. drawing of sustenance)

Yenika of the Klipot (lit. the drawing of sustenance by the husks)

The substance of the Klipot is a complete evil, and they are not able to receive any light. However during the shattering of the Kelim the Kelim of bestowal fell into the Klipot and became Neshama and Chayut for them. Yeridah (lit. descent) A descent from a level, which occurred in the 2nd Hitpashtut, when the light of Chochma dressed in the Kli of Keter. It therefore follows that the level of Keter descended to the level of Chochma, Chochma to Binah, etc. Yeridah leKlipot (lit. descent to the Klipot) By means of MA"N which the souls raise to ZO"N, ZO"N ascends to AV"I to receive a new light. And if the souls spoil their deeds, ZO"N lose the light (Mochin), because the light comes to ZO"N only by means of the MA"N of the souls, and Kelim ascend from BIY"A, and are selected and dress on ZO"N. However, when the MA"N leaves, the light leaves, and ZO"N return to its place, and Kelim of NEH"Y of Zeir Anpin together with the lower nine Sefirot of Nukvah, which ascended from BIY"A and dressed ZO"N, descend to the Klipot. Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) The outer Yesod of Malchut. See also Tziyon. Yesh (substance, lit. there is) The existence of the light of Chochma is called Yesh, and the concealment of the Orh of Chochma is called Aiyen (lit. there is not). Yeshiva (lit. sitting)

Yesod (lit. base)

Yetziah leChutz (lit. exiting to the outside)

Changing of form. Since when a modification of form occurs in a portion of a Partzuf, it is considered that this portion exits from the Partzuf to the outside, to a new dominion of its own. Nevertheless, in the first Partzuf there is no change. Yetziaht Orh derech Eyeneim (lit. the going out of light through the eyes) When Malchut ascends to Nikvei Eyeneim and a Zivug is made upon it, light from the Zivug goes out through the Nikvei Eyeneim and not via the Peh. Yichud (lit. unification) Two different aspects which equated their forms one to the other. Yod 10 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Yod). Yosher (heb. Straightness) See Kav, Yashar. Yossef (Josef) Yesod of Zeir Anpin. Yotzer (lit. Creator) A bestowal of light to the worlds, which includes everything except the desire to receive.

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Z

ZA"T (abbrev. Za'yin Tachtanot; lit. seven lower sefirot)

Zachar (lit. male)

A Kli which receives from the upper one the lights that are as complete as they have been while within the upper one. Zanav to the Arayot (lit. tail to the lions) The Sium of the upper level, which becomes the level of the head to the jackals, Rosh to the lower level. Zakut (lit. fineness)

Zayin Melachim (lit. Seven Kings)

Zeir Anpin (abbrev. Z"A; lit. a small face)

Small face, since Zeir Anpin is mainly the light of Chassadim and its minor part is light of Chochma. Light of Chochma is called Panim, and therefore Keter is called Arich Anpin, which means large Panim, as it has Orh of Chochma. Zayin 7 (the numerical value of the Hebrew letter Zayin). Zivug deHakaah (lit. coupling of striking; pl. Zivugim) The action of the screen to detain the light from the 4th phase and to push it to its root. In this action there are two opposite matters: first striking the light, and then a Zivug with it, which causes it to be received in a Kli, since the light which is pushed away from the 4th phase becomes Orh Chozer, which is becomes an enclothing Kli, revealing light in the Partzuf. Zivug Gufani (lit. bodily coupling) A complete Zivug - Zivug of AV"I in order to bestow to the souls light and birth, made for ZO"N. Zivug of Neshikin (lit. coupling of kissing) A Zivug which emerged from the Rosh of the Partzuf of SA"G to the Rosh of Nikudim, and which fixes GA"R of the Partzuf of Nikudim, but does not spread out to the Guf of Nikudim. It is also called Zivug Ruchani. Zivug of Yesodot (lit. coupling of bases) That which fixes ZA"T of a Partzuf, also called lower Zivug, or Zivug Gufani. Zivug Ruchani (lit. spiritual coupling) A Zivug which draws light to the Guf of Nikudim by means of Yesod of A"K. Zivug Ruchani (lit. spiritual coupling) See Zivug of Neshikin. Zivug Tadir (lit. frequent coupling) Zivug of AV"I in their place. Zman (lit. time)

Zman Ibur (lit. time of pregnancy)

See Yarchei Ibur. ZO"N (abbrev. Zeir Anpin and Nukvah)

ZO"N of the Klipa (lit. ZO"N of a husk)

When only the Kelim of ZA"T were shattered.

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